HIV Prevalence and Factors Related to HIV Infection Among Transgender Women in Vietnam: A Respondent Driven Sampling Approach

Vu Thi Tuong Vi 1, Khuong Quynh Long 2 3, Le Huynh Thi Cam Hong 1, Hoang Thi Ngoc Anh 4, Nguyen Viet Ngoc 5, Vo Van Tam 6, Nguyen Ly Lai 7, Hoang Hong Hanh 4, Tran Van Anh Phuong 8, Nguyen Nguyen Nhu Trang 8, Do Van Dung 1 6

Author information
1Vietnam HIV Addiction Technology Transfer Center – University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, 217 Hong Bang Street, Ward 11, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2Hanoi University of Public Health, 1A Duc Thang Road, Duc Thang Ward, North Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam
3Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
4Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
5Health Advancement in Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
6Centre for Promotion of Quality of Life (LIFE Centre), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Khuong Quynh Long, Email: nv.ude.hpuh@lqk.

Abstract: Transgender women are at higher risk of HIV infection, however, there is a lack of information about HIV infection and related factors among transgender women in Vietnam. From February 2018 to June 2018, 456 transgender women were recruited in the study using Respondent-Driven Sampling technique. Participants completed the computer-based questionnaire and were tested for HIV serostatus. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors related to HIV infection. The prevalence of HIV infection was 77 (16.5%), of which 19 (24.7%) were not aware of their HIV-positive status prior to the study. Factors associated with HIV infection included popper use (aOR 2.01, p = 0.044) and having regular male partner(s) (aOR 0.42, p = 0.006). More efforts are needed to reduce the high prevalence of HIV infection, such as expanding the reach of HIV screening and prevention programs to the transgender women population, particularly for substance users.

Keywords: HIV prevalence; Respondent-driven sampling; Transgender women; Vietnam.

Please find full text at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32297068/